as yurt has said, having this discussion again, all one needs to do is read the federalist and anti federalist papers. the constitutional convention debate minutes. all the works of the commentators during that time. it should be self explanatory after that.
Originally Posted by Don Quixote
The liberties of a people never were, nor ever will be, secure, when the transactions of their rulers may be concealed from them. - Patrick Henry
"You seem ... to consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions; a very dangerous doctrine indeed, and one which would place us under the despotism of an oligarchy... The Contitution has erected no such single tribunal." --Thomas Jefferson, 1820