as yurt has said, having this discussion again, all one needs to do is read the federalist and anti federalist papers. the constitutional convention debate minutes. all the works of the commentators during that time. it should be self explanatory after that.
Originally Posted by Don Quixote
Congress have no power to disarm the militia. Their swords, and every other terrible implement of the soldier, are the birthright of an American... The unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the federal or state government, but, where I trust in God it will ever remain, in the hands of the people. — Tench Coxe, Pennsylvania Gazette, Feb. 20, 1788.
"There is no situation so bad it cannot be made worse by the presence of a policeman"