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The Catholic Church uses Episcopal government as their model. It fails and is unbiblical, imo, because all the power for discipline remains at the top with little or no recompense for grievances from the laity.
Presbyterian government to the contrary has in place bodies for which the laity can bring charges and or defend itself in accordance to the Book of Church Order which is a book that contains clear and referenced biblical precedents for which to make or defend your case.
Congregational government has the unique trouble of constant anarchy from within and is in fact the cause of so much splintering. Because of this there is also a loss to doctrinal principles.
Church shouldn't have a government.
The Catholic church was trying to act like a government here, instituting there own "justice" system, and unleashing "treated" priests back on the populace, like it was just some kind of experiment. One that, if it failed, merely results in the destruction of lives. There was no justification for what they did. They were just protecting their own.
My point was that other forms of governance have a better check and balance to maintain moral accountability.
Most churches have some form of authority with regards to their members. This should never negate or replace the authority the state has when crimes are commited.
The key problem with the Catholic church here is that they still seem to think they are a government. They are not. It's not the middle ages.